=== Platform specifics for i386
Any installation failures or crashes should be reported by using the
send-pr command (those preferring a Web-based interface can also see
For information about FreeBSD and the layout of the 4.1.1-RELEASE
directory (especially if you're installing from floppies!), see
ABOUT.TXT. For installation instructions, see the INSTALL.TXT and
For the latest of these 4.1.1-stable snapshots, you should always see:
Table of contents:
1. What's new since 4.1-RELEASE
1.1 KERNEL CHANGES
1.2 SECURITY FIXES
1.3 USERLAND CHANGES
2. Supported Configurations
2.1 Disk Controllers
2.2 Ethernet cards
3. Obtaining FreeBSD
4. Upgrading from previous releases of FreeBSD
5. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code
1. What's new since 4.1-RELEASE
1.1. KERNEL CHANGES
The tap driver, a virtual Ethernet device driver for bridged
configurations, has been added.
accept_filters, a kernel feature to reduce overheads when accepting
and reading new connections on listening sockets, has been added.
POSIX.1b Shared Memory Objects are now supported. The implementation
uses regular files, but automatically enables the MAP_NOSYNC flag
when they are mmap(2)ed.
The ata(4) driver now has support for ATA100 controllers.
The ti(4) driver now supports the Alteon AceNIC 1000baseT Gigabit
Ethernet and Netgear GA620T 1000baseT Gigabit Ethernet cards.
The ng_bridge(4) node type has been added to the netgraph subsystem.
Miscellaneous bug fixes and enhancements have also been made.
1.2. SECURITY FIXES
1.3. USERLAND CHANGES
GDB now supports hardware watchpoints.
sendmail upgraded from version 8.9.3 to version 8.11.0. Important changes
include: new default file locations (see
/usr/src/contrib/sendmail/cf/README); newaliases is limited to root and
trusted users; and the MSA port (587) is turned on by default. See
/usr/src/contrib/sendmail/RELEASE_NOTES for more information.
routed(8) has been updated to version 2.22.
The truncate(1) utility, which truncates or extends the length
of files, has been added.
syslogd(8) can take a -n option to disable DNS queries for every
kenv(1), a command to dump the kernel environment, has been added.
The behavior of periodic(8) is now controlled by /etc/defaults/periodic.conf
logger(1) can now send messages directly to a remote syslog.
OpenSSL has been upgraded to 0.9.5a, which includes numerous bugfixes
finger(1) now has the ability to support fingering aliases, via the
RSA Security has waived all patent rights to the RSA algorithm (two
weeks before the patent was due to expire). As a result, the native
OpenSSL implementation of the RSA algorithm is now activated by
default, and the rsaref port and librsaUSA are no longer
required for USA residents.
sshd now enabled by default on new installs.
The xl(4) driver now supports the 3Com 3C556 and 3C556B MiniPCI
adapters used on some laptops.
killall(1) is now a C program, rather than a Perl script. As a
result, killall's -m option now uses the regular expression syntax of
regex(3), rather than that of perl(1).
boot98cfg(8), a PC-98 boot manager installation and configuration
utility, has been added.
Binutils have been upgraded to 2.10.0.
libreadline has been upgraded to 4.1.
The ifconfig(8) command can set the link-layer address of an interface.
bktr(4) driver update to 2.1.5. New tuner types have been added,
and improvememts to the KLD module and to memory allocation have been
2. Supported Configurations
FreeBSD currently runs on a wide variety of ISA, VLB, EISA, MCA and PCI
bus based PC's, ranging from 386sx to Pentium class machines (though the
386sx is not recommended). Support for generic IDE or ESDI drive
configurations, various SCSI controller, network and serial cards is
What follows is a list of all peripherals currently known to work with
FreeBSD. Other configurations may also work, we have simply not as yet
received confirmation of this.
2.1. Disk Controllers
WD1003 (any generic MFM/RLL)
WD1007 (any generic IDE/ESDI)
Adaptec 1535 ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 154x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 164x series MCA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 174x series EISA SCSI controller in standard and enhanced mode.
Adaptec 274X/284X/2920C/294x/2950/3940/3950 (Narrow/Wide/Twin) series
EISA/VLB/PCI SCSI controllers.
Adaptec AIC7850, AIC7860, AIC7880, AIC789x, on-board SCSI controllers.
Adaptec 1510 series ISA SCSI controllers (not for bootable devices)
Adaptec 152x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec AIC-6260 and AIC-6360 based boards, which includes the AHA-152x
and SoundBlaster SCSI cards.
AdvanSys SCSI controllers (all models).
BusLogic MultiMaster controllers:
[ Please note that BusLogic/Mylex "Flashpoint" adapters are NOT yet supported ]
BusLogic MultiMaster "W" Series Host Adapters:
BT-948, BT-958, BT-958D
BusLogic MultiMaster "C" Series Host Adapters:
BT-946C, BT-956C, BT-956CD, BT-445C, BT-747C, BT-757C, BT-757CD, BT-545C,
BusLogic MultiMaster "S" Series Host Adapters:
BT-445S, BT-747S, BT-747D, BT-757S, BT-757D, BT-545S, BT-542D, BT-742A,
BusLogic MultiMaster "A" Series Host Adapters:
AMI FastDisk controllers that are true BusLogic MultiMaster clones are also
The Buslogic/Bustek BT-640 and Storage Dimensions SDC3211B and SDC3211F
Microchannel (MCA) bus adapters are also supported.
DPT SmartCACHE Plus, SmartCACHE III, SmartRAID III, SmartCACHE IV and
SmartRAID IV SCSI/RAID controllers are supported.
DPT SmartRAID V/VI and Adaptec SCSI RAID 2100, 3200, and 3400 cards are
AMI MegaRAID Express and Enterprise family RAID controllers:
MegaRAID Enterprise 1200 (428)
MegaRAID Enterprise 1300
MegaRAID Enterprise 1400
MegaRAID Enterprise 1500
MegaRAID Elite 1500
MegaRAID Express 200
MegaRAID Express 300
Dell PERC 2/SC
Dell PERC 2/DC
Some HP NetRAID controllers are OEM versions of AMI designs, and
these are also supported. Booting from these controllers is supported.
Mylex DAC960 and DAC1100 RAID controllers with 2.x, 3.x, 4.x and 5.x
Booting from these controllers is supported. EISA adapters are not
3ware Escalade ATA RAID controllers. All members of the 5000 and
6000 series are supported.
SymBios (formerly NCR) 53C810, 53C810a, 53C815, 53C820, 53C825a,
53C860, 53C875, 53C875j, 53C885, 53C895 and 53C896 PCI SCSI controllers:
Data Technology DTC3130 (all variants)
Diamond FirePort (all)
NCR cards (all)
Symbios cards (all)
Tekram DC390W, 390U and 390F
QLogic 1020, 1040, 1040B, 1080 and 1240 SCSI Host Adapters.
QLogic 2100 Fibre Channel Adapters (private loop only).
DTC 3290 EISA SCSI controller in 1542 emulation mode.
With all supported SCSI controllers, full support is provided for
SCSI-I & SCSI-II peripherals, including hard disks, optical disks,
tape drives (including DAT and 8mm Exabyte), medium changers, processor
target devices and CDROM drives. WORM devices that support CDROM commands
are supported for read-only access by the CDROM driver. WORM/CD-R/CD-RW
writing support is provided by cdrecord, which is in the ports tree.
The following CD-ROM type systems are supported at this time:
(cd) SCSI interface (also includes ProAudio Spectrum and
(matcd) Matsushita/Panasonic (Creative SoundBlaster) proprietary
interface (562/563 models)
(scd) Sony proprietary interface (all models)
(acd) ATAPI IDE interface
The following drivers were supported under the old SCSI subsystem, but are
NOT YET supported under the new CAM SCSI subsystem:
NCR5380/NCR53400 ("ProAudio Spectrum") SCSI controller.
UltraStor 14F, 24F and 34F SCSI controllers.
Seagate ST01/02 SCSI controllers.
Future Domain 8xx/950 series SCSI controllers.
WD7000 SCSI controller.
[ Note: There is work-in-progress to port the UltraStor driver to
the new CAM SCSI framework, but no estimates on when or if it will
be completed. ]
Unmaintained drivers, they might or might not work for your hardware:
(mcd) Mitsumi proprietary CD-ROM interface (all models)
2.2. Ethernet cards
Adaptec Duralink PCI Fast Ethernet adapters based on the Adaptec
AIC-6915 Fast Ethernet controller chip, including the following:
ANA-62011 64-bit single port 10/100baseTX adapter
ANA-62022 64-bit dual port 10/100baseTX adapter
ANA-62044 64-bit quad port 10/100baseTX adapter
ANA-69011 32-bit single port 10/100baseTX adapter
ANA-62020 64-bit single port 100baseFX adapter
Allied-Telesis AT1700 and RE2000 cards
Alteon Networks PCI Gigabit Ethernet NICs based on the Tigon 1 and Tigon 2
chipsets, including the following:
3Com 3c985-SX (Tigon 1 and 2)
Alteon AceNIC 1000baseSX (Tigon 1 and 2)
Alteon AceNIC 1000baseT (Tigon 2)
DEC/Compaq EtherWORKS 1000
NEC Gigabit Ethernet
Netgear GA620 (Tigon 2)
Netgear GA620T (Tigon 2, 1000baseT)
Silicon Graphics Gigabit Ethernet
AMD PCnet/PCI (79c970 & 53c974 or 79c974)
SMC Elite 16 WD8013 Ethernet interface, and most other WD8003E,
WD8003EBT, WD8003W, WD8013W, WD8003S, WD8003SBT and WD8013EBT
based clones. SMC Elite Ultra. SMC Etherpower II.
RealTek 8129/8139 Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
Allied Telesyn AT2550
Allied Telesyn AT2500TX
Genius GF100TXR (RTL8139)
NDC Communications NE100TX-E
Netronix Inc. EA-1210 NetEther 10/100
KTX-9130TX 10/100 Fast Ethernet
Accton "Cheetah" EN1027D (MPX 5030/5038; RealTek 8139 clone?)
SMC EZ Card 10/100 PCI 1211-TX
Lite-On 82c168/82c169 PNIC Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
LinkSys EtherFast LNE100TX
NetGear FA310-TX Rev. D1
Matrox FastNIC 10/100
Macronix 98713, 98713A, 98715, 98715A and 98725 Fast Ethernet NICs
NDC Communications SFA100A (98713A)
CNet Pro120A (98713 or 98713A)
CNet Pro120B (98715)
SVEC PN102TX (98713)
Macronix/Lite-On PNIC II LC82C115 Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
LinkSys EtherFast LNE100TX Version 2
Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
VIA Technologies VT3043 "Rhine I" and VT86C100A "Rhine II" Fast Ethernet
NICs including the following:
Hawking Technologies PN102TX
Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900 and SiS 7016 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
Sundance Technologies ST201 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs including
SysKonnect SK-984x PCI Gigabit Ethernet cards including the following:
SK-9841 1000baseLX single mode fiber, single port
SK-9842 1000baseSX multimode fiber, single port
SK-9843 1000baseLX single mode fiber, dual port
SK-9844 1000baseSX multimode fiber, dual port
Texas Instruments ThunderLAN PCI NICs, including the following:
Compaq Netelligent 10, 10/100, 10/100 Proliant, 10/100 Dual-Port
Compaq Netelligent 10/100 TX Embedded UTP, 10 T PCI UTP/Coax, 10/100 TX UTP
Compaq NetFlex 3P, 3P Integrated, 3P w/ BNC
Olicom OC-2135/2138, OC-2325, OC-2326 10/100 TX UTP
Racore 8165 10/100baseTX
Racore 8148 10baseT/100baseTX/100baseFX multi-personality
ADMtek Inc. AL981-based PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
ADMtek Inc. AN985-based PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
ADMtek Inc. AN986-based USB Ethernet NICs including the following:
Melco Inc. LU-ATX
CATC USB-EL1210A-based USB Ethernet NICs including the following:
CATC Netmate II
Kawasaki LSI KU5KUSB101B-based USB Ethernet NICs including
Peracom USB Ethernet Adapter
ADS Technologies USB-10BT
ASIX Electronics AX88140A PCI NICs, including the following:
Alfa Inc. GFC2204
DEC EtherWORKS III NICs (DE203, DE204, and DE205)
DEC EtherWORKS II NICs (DE200, DE201, DE202, and DE422)
DEC DC21040, DC21041, or DC21140 based NICs (SMC Etherpower 8432T, DE245, etc)
Davicom DM9100 and DM9102 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs, including the
Jaton Corporation XpressNet
HP PC Lan+ cards (model numbers: 27247B and 27252A).
Intel EtherExpress 16
Intel EtherExpress Pro/10
Intel EtherExpress Pro/100B PCI Fast Ethernet
Intel InBusiness 10/100 PCI Network Adapter
Intel PRO/100+ Management Adapter
Isolan AT 4141-0 (16 bit)
Isolink 4110 (8 bit)
Novell NE1000, NE2000, and NE2100 Ethernet interface.
PCI network cards emulating the NE2000: RealTek 8029, NetVin 5000,
Winbond W89C940, Surecom NE-34, VIA VT86C926.
3Com 3C501 cards
3Com 3C503 Etherlink II
3Com 3c505 Etherlink/+
3Com 3C507 Etherlink 16/TP
3Com 3C509, 3C529 (MCA), 3C579,
and EISA (Fast) Etherlink III / (Fast) Etherlink XL
3Com 3c980/3c980B Fast Etherlink XL server adapter
3Com 3cSOHO100-TX OfficeConnect adapter
Toshiba Ethernet cards
Crystal Semiconductor CS89x0-based NICs, including:
IBM Etherjet ISA
NE2000 compatible PC-Card (PCMCIA) Ethernet/FastEthernet cards,
including the following:
AR-P500 Ethernet card
Allied Telesis CentreCOM LA100-PCM_V2
AmbiCom 10BaseT card
BayNetworks NETGEAR FA410TXC Fast Ethernet
CNet BC40 adapter
COREGA Ether PCC-T/EtherII PCC-T
Compex Net-A adapter
IO DATA PCLATE
IBM Creditcard Ethernet I/II
IC-CARD Ethernet/IC-CARD+ Ethernet
NDC Ethernet Instant-Link
National Semiconductor InfoMover NE4100
Network Everywhere Ethernet 10BaseT PC Card
Surecom EtherPerfect EP-427
Telecom Device SuperSocket RE450T
Megahertz X-Jack Ethernet PC-Card CC-10BT
DEC FDDI (DEFPA/DEFEA) NICs
o ATM Host Interfaces
- FORE Systems, Inc. PCA-200E ATM PCI Adapters
- Efficient Networks, Inc. ENI-155p ATM PCI Adapters
o ATM Signalling Protocols
- The ATM Forum UNI 3.1 signalling protocol
- The ATM Forum UNI 3.0 signalling protocol
- The ATM Forum ILMI address registration
- FORE Systems's proprietary SPANS signalling protocol
- Permanent Virtual Channels (PVCs)
o IETF "Classical IP and ARP over ATM" model
- RFC 1483, "Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5"
- RFC 1577, "Classical IP and ARP over ATM"
- RFC 1626, "Default IP MTU for use over ATM AAL5"
- RFC 1755, "ATM Signaling Support for IP over ATM"
- RFC 2225, "Classical IP and ARP over ATM"
- RFC 2334, "Server Cache Synchronization Protocol (SCSP)"
- Internet Draft draft-ietf-ion-scsp-atmarp-00.txt,
"A Distributed ATMARP Service Using SCSP"
o ATM Sockets interface
AST 4 port serial card using shared IRQ.
ARNET 8 port serial card using shared IRQ.
ARNET (now Digiboard) Sync 570/i high-speed serial.
Boca BB1004 4-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca IOAT66 6-Port serial card (Modems supported)
Boca BB1008 8-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca BB2016 16-Port serial card (Modems supported)
Comtrol Rocketport card.
Cyclades Cyclom-y Serial Board.
STB 4 port card using shared IRQ.
SDL Communications Riscom/8 Serial Board.
SDL Communications RISCom/N2 and N2pci high-speed sync serial boards.
Stallion multiport serial boards: EasyIO, EasyConnection 8/32 & 8/64,
ONboard 4/16 and Brumby.
Specialix SI/XIO/SX ISA, EISA and PCI serial expansion cards/modules.
Adlib, SoundBlaster, SoundBlaster Pro, ProAudioSpectrum, Gravis UltraSound
and Roland MPU-401 sound cards. (snd driver)
Most ISA audio codecs manufactured by Crystal Semiconductors, OPTi, Creative
Labs, Avance, Yamaha and ENSONIQ. (pcm driver)
Matrox Meteor Video frame grabber
Creative Labs Video Spigot frame grabber
Cortex1 frame grabber
Hauppauge Wincast/TV boards (PCI)
STB TV PCI
Intel Smart Video Recorder III
Various Frame grabbers based on Brooktree Bt848 / Bt878 chip.
HP4020, HP6020, Philips CDD2000/CDD2660 and Plasmon CD-R drives.
Standard PC Joystick
X-10 power controllers
GPIB and Transputer drivers.
Genius and Mustek hand scanners.
Xilinx XC6200 based reconfigurable hardware cards compatible with
the HOT1 from Virtual Computers (www.vcc.com)
Support for Dave Mills experimental Loran-C receiver.
Lucent Technologies WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11 PCMCIA and ISA standard speed
(2Mbps) and turbo speed (6Mbps) wireless network adapters and workalikes
(NCR WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11, Cabletron RoamAbout 802.11 DS, and Melco
Airconnect). Note: the ISA versions of these adapters are actually PCMCIA
cards combined with an ISA to PCMCIA bridge card, so both kinds of
devices work with the same driver.
Aironet 4500/4800 series 802.11 wireless adapters. The PCMCIA,
PCI and ISA adapters are all supported.
3. Obtaining FreeBSD
You may obtain FreeBSD in a variety of ways:
You can ftp FreeBSD and any or all of its optional packages from
`ftp.FreeBSD.org' - the official FreeBSD release site.
For other locations that mirror the FreeBSD software see the file
MIRROR.SITES. Please ftp the distribution from the site closest (in
networking terms) to you. Additional mirror sites are always welcome!
Contact freebsd-admin@FreeBSD.org for more details if you'd like to
become an official mirror site.
If you do not have access to the Internet and electronic mail is your
only recourse, then you may still fetch the files by sending mail to
`firstname.lastname@example.org' - putting the keyword "help" in your message
to get more information on how to fetch files using this mechanism.
Please do note, however, that this will end up sending many *tens of
megabytes* through the mail and should only be employed as an absolute
4. Upgrading from previous releases of FreeBSD
If you're upgrading from a previous release of FreeBSD, most likely
it's 3.0 and there may be some issues affecting you, depending
of course on your chosen method of upgrading. There are two popular
ways of upgrading FreeBSD distributions:
o Using sources, via /usr/src
o Using sysinstall's (binary) upgrade option.
Please read the UPGRADE.TXT file for more information, preferably
before beginning an upgrade.
5. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code.
Your suggestions, bug reports and contributions of code are always
valued - please do not hesitate to report any problems you may find
(preferably with a fix attached, if you can!).
The preferred method to submit bug reports from a machine with
Internet mail connectivity is to use the send-pr command or use the CGI
script at http://www.FreeBSD.org/send-pr.html. Bug reports
will be dutifully filed by our faithful bugfiler program and you can
be sure that we'll do our best to respond to all reported bugs as soon
as possible. Bugs filed in this way are also visible on our WEB site
in the support section and are therefore valuable both as bug reports
and as "signposts" for other users concerning potential problems to
watch out for.
If, for some reason, you are unable to use the send-pr command to
submit a bug report, you can try to send it to:
Note that send-pr itself is a shell script that should be easy to move
even onto a totally different system. We much prefer if you could use
this interface, since it make it easier to keep track of the problem
reports. However, before submitting, please try to make sure whether
the problem might have already been fixed since.
Otherwise, for any questions or tech support issues, please send mail to:
If you're tracking the -stable development efforts, you should
definitely join the -stable mailing list, in order to keep abreast
of recent developments and changes that may affect the way you
use and maintain the system:
Additionally, being a volunteer effort, we are always happy to have
extra hands willing to help - there are already far more desired
enhancements than we'll ever be able to manage by ourselves! To
contact us on technical matters, or with offers of help, please send
Please note that these mailing lists can experience *significant*
amounts of traffic and if you have slow or expensive mail access and
are only interested in keeping up with significant FreeBSD events, you
may find it preferable to subscribe instead to:
All of the mailing lists can be freely joined by anyone wishing
to do so. Send mail to MajorDomo@FreeBSD.org and include the keyword
`help' on a line by itself somewhere in the body of the message. This
will give you more information on joining the various lists, accessing
archives, etc. There are a number of mailing lists targeted at
special interest groups not mentioned here, so send mail to majordomo
and ask about them!
FreeBSD represents the cumulative work of many dozens, if not
hundreds, of individuals from around the world who have worked very
hard to bring you this release. For a complete list of FreeBSD
project staffers, please see:
or, if you've loaded the doc distribution:
Special mention to:
The donors listed at http://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/donors.html
Justin M. Seger <jseger@FreeBSD.org> for almost single-handedly
converting the ports collection to ELF.
Doug Rabson <dfr@FreeBSD.org> and John Birrell <jb@FreeBSD.org>
for making FreeBSD/alpha happen and to the NetBSD project for
substantial indirect aid.
Peter Wemm <peter@FreeBSD.org> for the new kernel module system
(with substantial aid from Doug Rabson).
And to the many thousands of FreeBSD users and testers all over the
world, without whom this release simply would not have been possible.
We sincerely hope you enjoy this release of FreeBSD!
The FreeBSD Project